Sociology

Overview

About the

A sociologist could be studying the causes of social problems like crime, poverty, patterns of family Illations, different living patterns in communities of varying types and sizes. Sociologists provide significant insight into how people are affected by their families, by their schools, by their work, so that professionals in the helping careers such as social workers, teachers, and nurses will have some idea of what makes people behave as they do. There is an overlap of sociology with other social sciences such as anthropology, psychology and social work too. Because the core requirement of sociology is an understanding of social institutions and behaviour, the sociologist is not unlike other social scientists such as economists, psychologists anthropologists, political scientists, and social workers in that their work also involves social impact assessment. Research methods crucial to sociology also form the basis of these other professions and thus ensure an easy transition to an alternate career. Work Environment Sociologists work in prison systems, industrial public relations, regional and community planning. Expanding opportunities exist for practicing sociologists in business (qualitative research), government (social welfare), education (university faculty), market research, urban /town planning, economic and social development. Those who work in teaching positions have regular working hours linked to the academic curriculum. They are also in a position to work on research projects as guides for their students. They are expected to contribute to professional publications and attend seminars and workshops with their fraternity to discuss on-going research and work on future developmental projects. Specialisations Because of the breadth and scope of this field, sociologists usually specialise in one or more of a number of areas. Areas of specialty include education, family, racial and ethnic relations, revolution, war and peace, social psychology, criminology, demography, gender roles and relations, and urban, rural, political, and comparative sociology. Because they are engaged in observing, analysing, defining, testing, and explaining human behaviour, there is virtually no area of modern life in which a sociologist's research or conclusions are not valuable.

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